River system of India

· Himalayan rivers are longer than peninsular rivers

· Perennial (ever green)

· Divided into three categories:


A. Indus River System:

- Originates in Tibet- Mansarovar- Sanokhwab Glacier

Tributaries:

1. Sutlej – originates in Tibet-Mansarovar- Rakshtaal lake

2. Beas – Beas Kund- Rohtang Pass-H.P

3. Ravi – Bara Bhangal glacier- kangra- H.P

4. Chenab- Baralacha La – Lahaul Spiti

5. Jhelum – Kashmir- Verinag- Sheshnag Lake

B. Ganga River System:

· Originates: Uttrakhand- Utrakashi – Gomukh – Gangotri Glacier.

· Here is called Bhagirathi

· Devprayag- Bhagirathi + Alaknanda = Ganga

· Rudraprayag- Mandakini + Alaknanda

· Ganga is the longest river of India

· Yamuna is the longest tributary of Ganga

· In Bangladesh Ganga is called Padma

Tributaries:

1. Yamuna- originates in Yamunotri- joins Ganga

2. Chambal- Or. M.P- Mehu- Janapaav hills- joins Yamuna

3. Betwa- Or. Vindyachal Parvat- Joins Yamuna

4. Son- Amarkantak – joins Ganga

5. Kosi – Sikkim+ Nepal+Tibet border (Himalayan Range) – joins Ganga

6. Gandak- Nepal+Tibet border – joins Ganga

7. Ghagra – Tibet- Mansarovar – Gurl Mandota – joins Ganga

8. Ramganga- Gharwaal hills- joins Ganga

C. Brahmputra :

· Originates from Tibet- Mansarovar- Chomangyungdong Glacier

· 2900 km

· Largest river of India (in terms of volume of water)

· 4th largest in the world

· In Tibet – Brahmputra is called Tsangpo

· In Arunachal Pradesh – Dihaang

· Assam- Brahmputra

· Bangladesh – Jamuna

· In Bangladesh = Ganga( Padma) + Brahmputra(Jamuna) = Padma

· They flow into Bay of Bengal together

· Ganga + Brahmputra makes world’s largest delta – Sunder ban delta

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